Circassian Association of California
Adyghe Khasa



 




May, 2010

May 21, 1864
Circassian Day of Mourning

May 21st, 2010 is the Day of Mourning for the Circassian people, commemorating the 146th anniversary of their forced migration and dispersion from our homeland and which resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of our ancestors.

The North Caucasus is the homeland of the Circassians. The region stretches from the high peaks of the Caucasian mountain range at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, bounded by Russia from the north and the Middle East from the south. Through the centuries great empires have endeavored to cross this barrier between the Orient and the Occident and conquer the lands beyond it realms.

The Caucasian war started in 1763 and lasted for more than 100 years. On 21 May 1864, the Caucasian War ended with the occupation of the Circassian lands.

In June 1864, the Russian Czar announced: “All the inhabitants of Caucasus have to leave their houses and remove within a month, otherwise they will be considered as a traitors and will be dispatched to Siberia.”

The Czar's decision meant exile for over 1.5 million, or over 80% of the total Circassian population at the time to be expelled from their homes.

Most of those expelled died en route as victims of disease, hunger and exhaustion. Those that survived the perilous journey to new lands were forced to adapt to the customs of their new home countries.  Today, over 4 million Circassians are dispersed in 40 countries across of the world.

May 21st is the day for Circassians to remember and honor the great sacrifice our ancestors made for our homeland! --- Videos...




Nov, 2009
Circassian Falg

The Circassian Language

The Circassian language is beautiful in its depth and precision of meaning. With its many dialects, spoken by the 12 tribes of the Circassians, it's also an ancient language.

We have pulled a few short instructional videos from the internet to expose you to some basics of our language. Please click on the button below to get you started....maybe you'll even learn a thing or two!  Wupso!

А Б В Г Гу Гъ Гъу Д Дж Джъ Дз Дзу Е Ё Ж Жъ Жъу Жь З И Й К Ку Къ Къу КI КIу Л Лъ ЛI М Н О П ПI ПIу Р С Т ТI ТIу У Ф Х Хъ Хъу Хь Ц ЦI Ч ЧI Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я I Iу




Jun, 2009

The Twelve Tribes & The Circassian Flag...

"The 12 golden stars stand for the nine “aristocratic” tribes and the three “democratic” tribes, while the three arrows represents peace. The background is green and represents both Islam and life (or freedom)".
-- Giuseppe Bottasini

"12 gold stars correspond to 12 main tribes of the Adyghe nation. Three crossed arrows symbolize union of 12 Adyghe tribes".
-- Nikolay Khimenkov, 20 Mar 1999

"The colour of the flag is in fact Aquamarine Green, a dark blueish green, so says the flag law. The colour given in art. 2 of the law is green. But not only the illustration to the law, but also the description of the details of the flag give deep aquamarine. The supplement to the law prescribes the size of each flag element and the colourshade". (Published in Sovetskaja Adigeja 63 of March 31st, 1992)
-- Ralf Stelter, 04 Mar 1999 and 27 Jun 1999

Can you name the tribes that make up the 12 stars of the flag? >>Read more...


May,2009  

 May 21, 2009
Circassian Day of Mourning

 

May 21st, 2009 is the Day of Mourning for the Circassian people, commemorating the 145th anniversary of their forced migration and dispersion from our homeland and which resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of our ancestors.  

The North Caucasus is the homeland of the Circassians. The region stretches from the high peaks of the Caucasian mountain range at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, bounded by Russia from the north and the Middle East from the south. Through the centuries great empires have endeavored to cross this barrier between the Orient and the Occident and conquer the lands beyond it realms.

The Caucasian war started in 1763 and lasted for more than 100 years. On 21 May 1864, the Caucasian War ended with the occupation of the Circassian lands. 

In June 1864, the Russian Czar announced: “All the inhabitants of Caucasus have to leave their houses and remove within a month, otherwise they will be considered as a traitors and will be dispatched to Siberia.”

The Czar's decision meant exile for over 1.5 million, or over 80% of the total Circassian population at the time to be expelled from their homes. 

Most of those expelled died en route as victims of disease, hunger and exhaustion. Those that survived the perilous journey to new lands were forced to adapt to the customs of their new home countries.  Today, over 4 million Circassians are dispersed in 40 countries across of the world. 

May 21st is the day for Circassians to remember and honor the great sacrifice our ancestors made for our homeland!